All About Squirrels
More than 200 species of squirrels live all over the world, except
in Australia and, of course, Antarctica, with the most common type
being the tree squirrel. While several species live in the United
States, we are most familiar with the gray squirrel.
Squirrels are classified as rodents. They have four incisors that
are constantly growing and need filing down, which indicators
rodents. Squirrels chew to keep them the right size to fit in their
mouths. This is why, when we see one on a tree limb, he or she is
probably nibbling on something.
Squirrels range from about 5 inches long in Africa to up to four
feet long in Laos. In North America, they are small to medium in
Squirrels commonly “sit” on their hind legs while using their front
paws and sharp claws to climb and hold food to eat. Their bushy
tails are used to keep balance when climbing, scaring away
predators, regulating temperature and cushioning falls.
Females (sows) produce about 2 litters of young per year with the
major breeding seasons between December and January and between May
and June. Litters consist of 2 to 4.
Males (boars) keep their testicles inside their bodies until it is
breeding time. The dominant male usually gets the mate. The male and
female then have a short courtship, before she enters her breeding
cycle. After breeding, the males have no interaction with their
The typical pregnancy lasts between 40 and 45 days. The babies are
born hairless, their eyes and ears closed, and only weigh ½ an
ounce. The young squirrels are sexually mature at the end of their
The life cycle of a squirrel in the wild averages around 6 years
depending on the amount of food available, predators, disease and
weather. In captivity, some squirrels live up to 15 years.
The best place for squirrels to live is in hollow “dens,” inside a
tree. Female squirrels with babies will not allow other squirrels to
share the den even though squirrels are social animals. If a den is
not found, they will make leaf nests, but that severely impacts the
survival rate of the baby squirrels.
Everyone knows that squirrels like nuts, but if there isn’t enough,
squirrels will eat berries and other fruits, flowers, mushrooms and
even the occasional small animal.
Squirrels do not hibernate and are active
during the day. They are territorial and noisy, especially during
mating season and tend to be social, except when rearing their
young. Chasing is used for play, mating and guarding their
If you need help, we service the entire USA! Click
here for a wildlife removal specialist in your town!
Go back to the main Squirrel Removal
page for more information about All About Squirrels.
Read more articles I wrote about squirrels to help you with your problem. I can show you some humane ways to kill a squirrel in a cage
and how to Keep Squirrels out of your House
. Learn how well squirrels can climb and jump
and if the city or county animal services
will help with a squirrel issue, or if your homeowners insurance
will pay for the damage. Learn how to detect if you have a Squirrel In Your Attic
and if it is safe to handle a squirrel with bare hands
. I can show you how to keep squirrels out of your garden
and how to use a one-way funnel
to get squirrels out of a buildling. Learn about a squirrel's natural diet
and what you should do if you find a nest of squirrels in the attic
. I can let you know if you should baby squirrel you found
and if a squirrel's feces are dangerous to touch or breathe
. Learn the diseases squirrels carry
, how to find and remove a dead squirrel in a house
and how to clean clean squirrel feces out of my attic